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Upgrade Your Korean: Learn Konglish and Loanwords

Annyeonghaseyo, yeorobun! You guys might be familiar with Konglish. Or is it the first time you hear about this term? What is Konglish anyway? Well, we will learn Konglish words in this section. Konglish basically means the English version of Korean. It is an abbreviation for Korean English. Korean language has so many terms influenced by English. Of course those terms are pronounced in Korean. Konglish develops as the result of American influence in cultures, politics, economics, social, including language. In this modern era, language also develops following the dynamic culture, as the result of globalization.

1. Learn 2 Types of Konglish: Konglish Words and Loanwords

Learn Konglish words
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Probably you are already familiar with some Korean slang words, especially K-pop addict. Donโ€™t you realize that when we learn about Korean slang, we can learn Konglish too? Exactly, Konglish words frequently appear in Korean drama, movies, music, or daily conversation. Letโ€™s pick the most popular term for example: ํ™”์ดํŒ… (hwaiting) or fighting. Konglish consists of two types: Konglish words and Loanwords. Wanna get to know more about them? Letโ€™s learn Konglish words and the examples.

2. Loanwords Meaning

Learn Konglish and Loanwords

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Loanwords is a term for any Korean words influenced or borrowed from foreign languages, such as English, Japanese, German, French, Spanish, and so on. The meaning of Loanwords or its phrases is same with the meaning in its language origin. Surely, loanwords will be much convenient for the beginners or foreigners who are still learning Korean language. Loanwords will ease the foreigners to understand the meaning of those Korean words and phrases so they will easily recognize. In other words, we already know first the meaning without knowing its meaning in Korean.

3. Common Loanwords Examples and Meaning

์ฝœ๋ผ (Kolla) = Cola
ํ”ผ์ž (Pija) = Pizza
์•„์ด์Šคํฌ๋ฆผ (Aiseukeurim) = Ice cream
์ปต (Keop) = Cup
์ดˆ์ฝœ๋ฆฟ (Chokolit) = Chocolate
๋น„ํƒ€๋ฏผ (Bitamin) = Vitamin
์ฃผ์Šค (Juseu) = Juice
์™€์ธ (Wain) = Wine
๋ฐ”๋‚˜๋‚˜ (Banana) = Banana
์ปคํ”ผ์ˆ (Keopisyop) = Coffee shop
์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ (Keompyuteo) = Computer
ํƒ์‹œ (Taeksi) = Taxi
์ฝ”๋กœ๋‚˜ ๋ฐ”์ด๋Ÿฌ์Šค (Korona Baireoseu) = Corona Virus
์น˜์ฆˆ (Chijeu) = Cheese

4. Learn Konglish Words Meaning

Learn Konglish words
Image Source: the Wiki KR

Slightly different from Loanwords, we will find some changes from English in Konglish words. In some cases, Konglish words are shortened and form the new meaning in Korean. Those are commonly found in Korean slang words. Sometimes, we add morphemes or combine several English words to form the new term and meaning in Korean language. Itโ€™s relatively more complicated for the beginners or foreigners to understand and learn Konglish words meaning since some vocabularies are only familiar among Korean people. Some vocabularies are not even found in English.

5. Learn Common Konglish Words Examples and Meaning

์˜คํ† ๋ฐ”์ด (Otobai) = motorcycle
ํ•ธ๋“œํฐ (Haendeupon) = mobile phone
์—์–ด์ปจ (Eeokeon) = air conditioner
ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„ ํ”„๋กœ (Tellebi peuro) = television program
๋ฐฑ ๋ฎค์ง (Baek myujik) = background music
ํ™ˆํ”ผ (Hompi) = homepage
์…€์นด (Selka) = selfie camera
์•„ํŒŒํŠธ (Apateu) = apartment
์‹ธ์ธ (Ssain) = signature
๋ณผํŽœ (Bolpen) = pen
๋ฆฌ๋ชจ์ปจ (Rimokeon) = remote control
๋‚˜์ดํŠธ (Naiteu) = night club
ํ—ฌ์Šค (Helseu) = health club
๋ฐด๋“œ (Baendeu) = band-aid

Note: Some foreign language alphabets are not found in Hangeul (Korean alphabet). So, it needs a transliteration process from foreign alphabet. Example: F (ใ…), Q (ํ), V (ใ…‚), X (์—‘์Šค), Z (ใ…ˆ), and so on.

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